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jopen
6年前发布

在Ubuntu搭建Git

Git是一个开源的分布式版本控制系统,它在全球范围内得到广泛的使用。互联网上还有像GitHub这样的网站提供了免费的Git服务,很多流行的开源项目都使用了Git来托管项目,比如Perl、Ruby on Rails、Linux内核项目等。 

在Ubuntu系统上安装Git的最佳方式是使用Ubuntu软件仓库提供的软件包,这些软件包都是经过了充分测试的,已经完成了预编译,安装或卸载都非常方便。
下面我们将在线更新服务器上的软件仓库索引,保证安装的Git服务器是比较新的稳定版。

1、升级系统并更新库索引

# apt-get update  # apt-get upgrade

2、安装Git服务

完成了更新操作后,就可以开始安装Git服务了。

# apt-get install git-core  Reading package lists... Done  Building dependency tree         Reading state information... Done  The following extra packages will be installed:    git git-man liberror-perl  Suggested packages:    git-daemon-run git-daemon-sysvinit git-doc git-el git-arch    git-cvs git-svn git-email git-gui gitk gitweb  The following NEW packages will be installed:    git git-core git-man liberror-perl  0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 100 not upgraded.  Need to get 6,752 kB of archives.  After this operation, 15.2 MB of additional disk space will be used.  Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y  Get:1 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise/main liberror-perl all 0.17-1 [23.8 kB]  Get:2 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main git-man all 1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1 [631 kB]  Get:3 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main git amd64 1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1 [6,097 kB]  Get:4 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main git-core all 1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1 [1,380 B]  Fetched 6,752 kB in 1s (3,712 kB/s)     Selecting previously unselected package liberror-perl.  (Reading database ... 51734 files and directories currently installed.)  Unpacking liberror-perl (from .../liberror-perl_0.17-1_all.deb) ...  Selecting previously unselected package git-man.  Unpacking git-man (from .../git-man_1%3a1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1_all.deb) ...  Selecting previously unselected package git.  Unpacking git (from .../git_1%3a1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1_amd64.deb) ...  Selecting previously unselected package git-core.  Unpacking git-core (from .../git-core_1%3a1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1_all.deb) ...  Processing triggers for man-db ...  Setting up liberror-perl (0.17-1) ...  Setting up git-man (1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1) ...  Setting up git (1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1) ...  Setting up git-core (1:1.7.9.5-1ubuntu0.1) ...

3、基本的配置

一旦完成以上安装过程,就该进行Git服务的配置。最基本的配置是这样的:

# git config --global user.name "chszs"  # git config --global user.email chszs@csdn.net

可以根据自己的实际,替换用户名和密码。

来自: http://blog.csdn.net//chszs/article/details/48196657

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Git 版本控制系统