C#汉字转拼音

chaigege

贡献于2012-07-10

字数:8629 关键词: .NET开发 C#

C# 汉字转拼音 收藏 (一)将汉字转化成全拼 代码: private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) { this.textBox2.Text = Hz2Py.Convert(this.textBox1.Text); } 汉字转拼音类: /// /// 汉字转拼音类 /// public class Hz2Py { private static int[] pyValue = new int[] { -20319,-20317,-20304,-20295,-20292,-20283,-20265,-20257,-20242,-20230,-20051,-20036, -20032,-20026,-20002,-19990,-19986,-19982,-19976,-19805,-19784,-19775,-19774,-19763, -19756,-19751,-19746,-19741,-19739,-19728,-19725,-19715,-19540,-19531,-19525,-19515, -19500,-19484,-19479,-19467,-19289,-19288,-19281,-19275,-19270,-19263,-19261,-19249, -19243,-19242,-19238,-19235,-19227,-19224,-19218,-19212,-19038,-19023,-19018,-19006, -19003,-18996,-18977,-18961,-18952,-18783,-18774,-18773,-18763,-18756,-18741,-18735, -18731,-18722,-18710,-18697,-18696,-18526,-18518,-18501,-18490,-18478,-18463,-18448, -18447,-18446,-18239,-18237,-18231,-18220,-18211,-18201,-18184,-18183, -18181,-18012, -17997,-17988,-17970,-17964,-17961,-17950,-17947,-17931,-17928,-17922,-17759,-17752, -17733,-17730,-17721,-17703,-17701,-17697,-17692,-17683,-17676,-17496,-17487,-17482, -17468,-17454,-17433,-17427,-17417,-17202,-17185,-16983,-16970,-16942,-16915,-16733, -16708,-16706,-16689,-16664,-16657,-16647,-16474,-16470,-16465,-16459,-16452,-16448, -16433,-16429,-16427,-16423,-16419,-16412,-16407,-16403,-16401,-16393,-16220,-16216, -16212,-16205,-16202,-16187,-16180,-16171,-16169,-16158,-16155,-15959,-15958,-15944, -15933,-15920,-15915,-15903,-15889,-15878,-15707,-15701,-15681,-15667,-15661,-15659, -15652,-15640,-15631,-15625,-15454,-15448,-15436,-15435,-15419,-15416,-15408,-15394, -15385,-15377,-15375,-15369,-15363,-15362,-15183,-15180,-15165,-15158,-15153,-15150, -15149,-15144,-15143,-15141,-15140,-15139,-15128,-15121,-15119,-15117,-15110,-15109, -14941,-14937,-14933,-14930,-14929,-14928,-14926,-14922,-14921,-14914,-14908,-14902, -14894,-14889,-14882,-14873,-14871,-14857,-14678,-14674,-14670,-14668,-14663,-14654, -14645,-14630,-14594,-14429,-14407,-14399,-14384,-14379,-14368,-14355,-14353,-14345, -14170,-14159,-14151,-14149,-14145,-14140,-14137,-14135,-14125,-14123,-14122,-14112, -14109,-14099,-14097,-14094,-14092,-14090,-14087,-14083,-13917,-13914,-13910,-13907, -13906,-13905,-13896,-13894,-13878,-13870,-13859,-13847,-13831,-13658,-13611,-13601, -13406,-13404,-13400,-13398,-13395,-13391,-13387,-13383,-13367,-13359,-13356,-13343, -13340,-13329,-13326,-13318,-13147,-13138,-13120,-13107,-13096,-13095,-13091,-13076, -13068,-13063,-13060,-12888,-12875,-12871,-12860,-12858,-12852,-12849,-12838,-12831, -12829,-12812,-12802,-12607,-12597,-12594,-12585,-12556,-12359,-12346,-12320,-12300, -12120,-12099,-12089,-12074,-12067,-12058,-12039,-11867,-11861,-11847,-11831,-11798, -11781,-11604,-11589,-11536,-11358,-11340,-11339,-11324,-11303,-11097,-11077,-11067, -11055,-11052,-11045,-11041,-11038,-11024,-11020,-11019,-11018,-11014,-10838,-10832, -10815,-10800,-10790,-10780,-10764,-10587,-10544,-10533,-10519,-10331,-10329,-10328, -10322,-10315,-10309,-10307,-10296,-10281,-10274,-10270,-10262,-10260,-10256,-10254 }; private static string[] pyName = new string[] { "A","Ai","An","Ang","Ao","Ba","Bai","Ban","Bang","Bao","Bei","Ben", "Beng","Bi","Bian","Biao","Bie","Bin","Bing","Bo","Bu","Ba","Cai","Can", "Cang","Cao","Ce","Ceng","Cha","Chai","Chan","Chang","Chao","Che","Chen","Cheng", "Chi","Chong","Chou","Chu","Chuai","Chuan","Chuang","Chui","Chun","Chuo","Ci","Cong", "Cou","Cu","Cuan","Cui","Cun","Cuo","Da","Dai","Dan","Dang","Dao","De", "Deng","Di","Dian","Diao","Die","Ding","Diu","Dong","Dou","Du","Duan","Dui", "Dun","Duo","E","En","Er","Fa","Fan","Fang","Fei","Fen","Feng","Fo", "Fou","Fu","Ga","Gai","Gan","Gang","Gao","Ge","Gei","Gen","Geng","Gong", "Gou","Gu","Gua","Guai","Guan","Guang","Gui","Gun","Guo","Ha","Hai","Han", "Hang","Hao","He","Hei","Hen","Heng","Hong","Hou","Hu","Hua","Huai","Huan", "Huang","Hui","Hun","Huo","Ji","Jia","Jian","Jiang","Jiao","Jie","Jin","Jing", "Jiong","Jiu","Ju","Juan","Jue","Jun","Ka","Kai","Kan","Kang","Kao","Ke", "Ken","Keng","Kong","Kou","Ku","Kua","Kuai","Kuan","Kuang","Kui","Kun","Kuo", "La","Lai","Lan","Lang","Lao","Le","Lei","Leng","Li","Lia","Lian","Liang", "Liao","Lie","Lin","Ling","Liu","Long","Lou","Lu","Lv","Luan","Lue","Lun", "Luo","Ma","Mai","Man","Mang","Mao","Me","Mei","Men","Meng","Mi","Mian", "Miao","Mie","Min","Ming","Miu","Mo","Mou","Mu","Na","Nai","Nan","Nang", "Nao","Ne","Nei","Nen","Neng","Ni","Nian","Niang","Niao","Nie","Nin","Ning", "Niu","Nong","Nu","Nv","Nuan","Nue","Nuo","O","Ou","Pa","Pai","Pan", "Pang","Pao","Pei","Pen","Peng","Pi","Pian","Piao","Pie","Pin","Ping","Po", "Pu","Qi","Qia","Qian","Qiang","Qiao","Qie","Qin","Qing","Qiong","Qiu","Qu", "Quan","Que","Qun","Ran","Rang","Rao","Re","Ren","Reng","Ri","Rong","Rou", "Ru","Ruan","Rui","Run","Ruo","Sa","Sai","San","Sang","Sao","Se","Sen", "Seng","Sha","Shai","Shan","Shang","Shao","She","Shen","Sheng","Shi","Shou","Shu", "Shua","Shuai","Shuan","Shuang","Shui","Shun","Shuo","Si","Song","Sou","Su","Suan", "Sui","Sun","Suo","Ta","Tai","Tan","Tang","Tao","Te","Teng","Ti","Tian", "Tiao","Tie","Ting","Tong","Tou","Tu","Tuan","Tui","Tun","Tuo","Wa","Wai", "Wan","Wang","Wei","Wen","Weng","Wo","Wu","Xi","Xia","Xian","Xiang","Xiao", "Xie","Xin","Xing","Xiong","Xiu","Xu","Xuan","Xue","Xun","Ya","Yan","Yang", "Yao","Ye","Yi","Yin","Ying","Yo","Yong","You","Yu","Yuan","Yue","Yun", "Za", "Zai","Zan","Zang","Zao","Ze","Zei","Zen","Zeng","Zha","Zhai","Zhan", "Zhang","Zhao","Zhe","Zhen","Zheng","Zhi","Zhong","Zhou","Zhu","Zhua","Zhuai","Zhuan", "Zhuang","Zhui","Zhun","Zhuo","Zi","Zong","Zou","Zu","Zuan","Zui","Zun","Zuo" }; /// /// 把汉字转换成拼音(全拼) /// /// 汉字字符串 /// 转换后的拼音(全拼)字符串 public static string Convert(string hzString) { // 匹配中文字符 Regex regex = new Regex("^[\u4e00-\u9fa5]$"); byte[] array = new byte[2]; string pyString = ""; int chrAsc = 0; int i1 = 0; int i2 = 0; char[] noWChar = hzString.ToCharArray(); for (int j = 0; j < noWChar.Length; j++) { // 中文字符 if (regex.IsMatch(noWChar[j].ToString())) { array = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetBytes(noWChar[j].ToString()); i1 = (short)(array[0]); i2 = (short)(array[1]); chrAsc = i1 * 256 + i2 - 65536; if (chrAsc > 0 && chrAsc < 160) { pyString += noWChar[j]; } else { // 修正部分文字 if (chrAsc == -9254) // 修正“圳”字 pyString += "Zhen"; else { for (int i = (pyValue.Length - 1); i >= 0; i--) { if (pyValue[i] <= chrAsc) { pyString += pyName[i]; break; } } } } } // 非中文字符 else { pyString += noWChar[j].ToString(); } } return pyString; } } 补充:一些生僻字转不了,比如:“睿”和“罡”字等。 (二)将汉字转化成首字母序列 /// /// 得到一个汉字的拼音第一个字母,如果是一个英文字母则直接返回大写字母 /// /// 单个汉字 /// 单个大写字母 private static string GetCharSpellCode(string CnChar) { long iCnChar; byte[] ZW = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetBytes(CnChar); //如果是字母,则直接返回 if (ZW.Length == 1) { return CnChar.ToUpper(); } else { // get the array of byte from the single char int i1 = (short)(ZW[0]); int i2 = (short)(ZW[1]); iCnChar = i1 * 256 + i2; } #region table of the constant list //expresstion //table of the constant list // 'A'; //45217..45252 // 'B'; //45253..45760 // 'C'; //45761..46317 // 'D'; //46318..46825 // 'E'; //46826..47009 // 'F'; //47010..47296 // 'G'; //47297..47613 // 'H'; //47614..48118 // 'J'; //48119..49061 // 'K'; //49062..49323 // 'L'; //49324..49895 // 'M'; //49896..50370 // 'N'; //50371..50613 // 'O'; //50614..50621 // 'P'; //50622..50905 // 'Q'; //50906..51386 // 'R'; //51387..51445 // 'S'; //51446..52217 // 'T'; //52218..52697 //没有U,V // 'W'; //52698..52979 // 'X'; //52980..53640 // 'Y'; //53689..54480 // 'Z'; //54481..55289 #endregion // iCnChar match the constant if ((iCnChar >= 45217) && (iCnChar <= 45252)) { return "A"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 45253) && (iCnChar <= 45760)) { return "B"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 45761) && (iCnChar <= 46317)) { return "C"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 46318) && (iCnChar <= 46825)) { return "D"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 46826) && (iCnChar <= 47009)) { return "E"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 47010) && (iCnChar <= 47296)) { return "F"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 47297) && (iCnChar <= 47613)) { return "G"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 47614) && (iCnChar <= 48118)) { return "H"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 48119) && (iCnChar <= 49061)) { return "J"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 49062) && (iCnChar <= 49323)) { return "K"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 49324) && (iCnChar <= 49895)) { return "L"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 49896) && (iCnChar <= 50370)) { return "M"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 50371) && (iCnChar <= 50613)) { return "N"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 50614) && (iCnChar <= 50621)) { return "O"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 50622) && (iCnChar <= 50905)) { return "P"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 50906) && (iCnChar <= .51386)) { return "Q"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 51387) && (iCnChar <= 51445)) { return "R"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 51446) && (iCnChar <= 52217)) { return "S"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 52218) && (iCnChar <= 52697)) { return "T"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 52698) && (iCnChar <= 52979)) { return "W"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 52980) && (iCnChar <= 53640)) { return "X"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 53689) && (iCnChar <= 54480)) { return "Y"; } else if ((iCnChar >= 54481) && (iCnChar <= 55289)) { return "Z"; } else return ("?"); } 本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/yiruoyun/archive/2009/06/21/4285948.aspx

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